Flag & Anthem

… because identity matters !!

I’m gonna try not to be a big liar in here. In fact, I did my best to collect data to tell you a story about our flag. And let me be happy, tell me that my best it’s really good…

The national flag and anthem are two undeniable powerful symbols of any country no matter if you are in the far far China or in the not less far USA. And it seems we all really feel fluttering when the flag flutters…

Here below you may find a video through what you can listen and read lyrics in English and Portuguese of “A Portuguesa”, the Portuguese national anthem, seen from a peculiar point of view… Click on player and enjoy it. Nearby there is a link for an mp3 of the national anthem (one of the many instrumental versions). Feel free to download it. You may also find here the original anthem’s lyrics. As you can imagine, we are using here the modern Portuguese language and not the ancient one as the anthem was created by Alfredo Keil (music) and Henrique Lopes de Mendonça (lyrics) in 1890.

National Anthem

Em Português

Heróis do mar, nobre povo,
Nação valente, imortal,
Levantai hoje de novo
O esplendor de Portugal!
Entre as brumas da memória,
Ó Pátria sente-se a voz
Dos teus egrégios avós,
Que há-de guiar-te à vitória!

Às armas, às armas!
Sobre a terra, sobre o mar,
Às armas, às armas!
Pela Pátria lutar
Contra os canhões marchar, marchar!

Desfralda a invicta Bandeira,
À luz viva do teu céu!
Brade a Europa à terra inteira:
Portugal não pereceu
Beija o solo teu jucundo
O Oceano, a rugir d’amor,
E teu braço vencedor
Deu mundos novos ao Mundo!

Às armas, às armas!
Sobre a terra, sobre o mar,
Às armas, às armas!
Pela Pátria lutar
Contra os canhões marchar, marchar!

Saudai o Sol que desponta
Sobre um ridente porvir;
Seja o eco de uma afronta
O sinal do ressurgir.
Raios dessa aurora forte
São como beijos de mãe,
Que nos guardam, nos sustêm,
Contra as injúrias da sorte.

Às armas, às armas!
Sobre a terra, sobre o mar,
Às armas, às armas!
Pela Pátria lutar
Contra os canhões marchar, marchar!

In English

Heroes of the sea, noble people,
Brave and immortal nation,
Rise once again today,
The splendor of Portugal!
Among the haze of memory,
Oh Fatherland, one feels the voice
Of your distinguished forefathers,
That shall lead you to victory!

To arms, to arms!
Over land, over sea,
To arms, to arms!
For the Fatherland, fight!
Against the cannons, march on, march on!

Hoist the undefeated Flag,
In the lively light of your sky!
May Europe cry out to the whole Earth:
Portugal has not perished
Kiss your merry ground
The Ocean, roaring with love,
And your victorious arm
Gave new worlds to the World!

To arms, to arms!
Over land, over sea,
To arms, to arms!
For the Fatherland, fight!
Against the cannons, march on, march on!

Salute the Sun that rises
Over a gleeful future;
Let the echo of an offense
Be the sign for a comeback.
Rays of this strong dawn
Are like a mother’s kisses,
That keep us, sustain us,
Against the injuries of fate.

To arms, to arms!
Over land, over sea,
To arms, to arms!
For the Fatherland, fight!
Against the cannons, march on, march on!

by Alfredo Keil and Henrique Lopes de Mendonça
A Portuguesa, Portuguese National Anthem, © 1890
Translation extracted from Wikipedia.org
Download the mp3 here

Coat of Arms

“Coat Of Arms”, said in Portuguese “Brasão de Armas”, simply “Brasão” or “Cota de Armas”, is what we could call nowadays the logotype of a nation. Below here, first picture represents the full version of the coat of arms from Portugal. Second picture, also called “Armillary Sphere” (in Portuguese “Esfera Armilar”), is the light version used over the national flag.

Portugal Coat Of Arms

 Download Portugal Coat Of Arms ( 1.30MB – 3000×2185px, downloaded 0 times)

Portugal Coat Of Arms

 Download Portugal Coat Of Arms (flag) (933.38KB – 3000×3000px, downloaded 1 times)

National Flag

In what national symbols are concerned, and getting back to the flag now, we do not differ one from the others when we feel that uncontrolled sensation rising our bowels from the stomach up to our brain after we see those familiar colors printed somewhere…

Portugal always have had its own identity through its own culture along History. However, I should say we can’t be much proud of some actions of our ancestors in former times. Since 1910 we have had many reasons for not feeling very proud of our symbols. The famous slogan «proudly alone» (in Portuguese is said «Orgulhosamente sós»), presented by our former dictator António Salazar as propaganda to avoid any kind of thoughts (and even less actions) about our divorce to the rest of the world, has not been helpful to build a reasonable respect on our identity.

Fortunately, times are changing (since 1974) and many of us are not really shame on ourselves or on our symbols. Some of us even put on Internet a web page with references to our national flag… Our national flag, as it is nowadays, was adopted by the Republic established by revolution in 1910. The Portuguese parliament approved it in June 11th, 1911, and colored areas have been fixed as

  • green (2/5 of total area) and
  • red (3/5 of total area) with the
  • national coat of arms on the separation line.
Flag of Portugal

 Download Flag of Portugal (280.47KB – 3000×2000px, downloaded 1 times)

As it may happen with any other country’s flag, obviously the original design of ours followed a criteria defined by its creators João Chagas, Abel Botelho and Columbano. Being so, between real facts and legends we have:

  • the background green area is supposed to be a symbol of hope;
  • the background red area refers to the blood shed by the nation’s soldiers
  • the yellow armillary sphere (in Portuguese is said «Esfera Armilar») it’s a reference to the art of navigation of Portuguese navigators who traveled by sea towards the discovery of the world in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.
  • the seven yellow castles represent the fortified cities conquered to the moors by Dom Afonso Henriques whose war shield is represented on white with five little blue shields inside.
  • the five blue shields represent the five moorish kings defeated by our very first king at the Ourique battle.
  • the white dots inside the blue shields represent the five wounds made to Jesus Christ when he was crucified. Counting the dots and doubling those five in the center, it makes thirty dots which represent the 30 moneys paid to Judas to deny Jesus Christ.
Flag of Portugal (military)

 Download Flag of Portugal (military) (951.82KB – 3000×2773px, downloaded 1 times)

Deprecated Flags

The following pics show you the many designs for the national flag we’ve had along our History. Consider that these are the most representative because there were many variants to the sketches shown below.

Portuguese flag 1081-1143
from year 1081 to 1143
Portuguese flag 1143-1185
from year 1143 to 1185
Portuguese flag 1185-1248
from year 1185 to 1248
Portuguese flag 1248-1385
from year 1248 to 1385
Portuguese flag 1385-1481
from year 1385 to 1481
Portuguese flag 1481-1495
from year 1481 to 1495
Portuguese flag 1495-1557
from year 1495 to 1557
Portuguese flag 1557-1816
from year 1557 to 1816
Portuguese flag 1816-1830
from year 1816 to 1830
Portuguese flag 1830-1911
from year 1830 to 1911

Portuguese Shields

The following pics show you the many designs for the shield we’ve had along our History. Consider that these are the most representative because there were many variants to the sketches shown below.

Portuguese shield 1095-1139
from year 1095 to 1139
Portuguese shield 1139-1247
from year 1139 to 1247
Portuguese shield 1247-1385
from year 1247 to 1385
Portuguese shield 1385-1481
from year 1385 to 1481
Portuguese shield 1481-2017
from year 1481 to 2017

And that’s all folks… Being Portuguese is as bad or as good as being anything else. Why should we then deny our roots?

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